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Fractal spike dynamics and neuronal coupling in the primate visual system

Munn, B; Zeater, N; Pietersen, AN; Solomon, SG; Cheong, SK; Martin, PR; Gong, P; (2020) Fractal spike dynamics and neuronal coupling in the primate visual system. The Journal of Physiology , 598 (8) pp. 1551-1571. 10.1113/jp278935.

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Abstract

The brain represents and processes information through patterns of spiking activity, which is influenced by local and widescale brain circuits as well as intrinsic neural dynamics. Whether these influences have independent or linked effects on spiking activity is, however, not known. Here we measured spiking activity in two visual centres, the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and cortical area MT, in marmoset monkeys. By combining the Fano‐factor time curve, power spectral analysis and rescaled range analysis, we reveal inherent fractal fluctuations of spiking activity in LGN and MT. We found that the evolutionary ancient koniocellular (K) pathway in LGN and area MT exhibits strong fractal fluctuations at short (<1 s) time scales. Parvocellular (P) and magnocellular (M) LGN cells show weaker fractal fluctuations at longer (multi‐second) time scales. In both LGN and MT, the amplitude and time scale of fractal fluctuations can explain short and long time scale spiking dynamics. We further show differential neuronal coupling of LGN and MT cells to local population spiking activity. The population coupling is intrinsically linked to fractal fluctuations: neurons showing stronger fluctuations are more strongly correlated to the local population activity. To understand this relationship, we modelled spiking activity using a fractal inhomogeneous Poisson process with dynamic rate, which is the product of an intrinsic stochastic fractal rate and a global modulatory gain. Our model explains the intrinsic links between neuronal spike rate and population coupling in LGN and MT, and establishes a unified account of dynamic spiking properties in afferent visual pathways.

Type: Article
Title: Fractal spike dynamics and neuronal coupling in the primate visual system
DOI: 10.1113/jp278935
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1113/JP278935
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090090
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