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Self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in older adults

Smith, L; Allen, P; Pardhan, S; Gorely, T; Grabovac, I; Smith, A; López-Sánchez, GF; ... Jackson, SE; + view all (2020) Self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in older adults. Wiener klinische Wochenschrift , 132 pp. 132-138. 10.1007/s00508-019-01597-6. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in a large, representative population of older adults. METHODS: Data were from 7433 older adults (≥52 years) participating in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Linear regression was used to analyze the association between self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength cross-sectionally in 2004/2005, and longitudinally over 4‑year follow-up, adjusting for a range of sociodemographic and health-related variables. RESULTS: In cross-sectional and prospective models, poor eyesight was strongly associated with lower handgrip strength after adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and body mass index (BMI, cross-sectional B = -1.39 kg, 95% confidence interval, CI -1.84 to -0.94, p < 0.001, prospective B = -0.68 kg, 95% CI -1.14 to -0.22, p = 0.004). The association was attenuated but remained statistically significant when health behaviours were included in the model (cross-sectional B = -0.93 kg, 95% CI -1.42 to -0.44, p < 0.001, prospective B = -0.50, 95% CI -0.99 to -0.02, p = 0.044). CONCLUSION: Older adults in England with poor self-rated eyesight have lower levels of physical function compared with those with good eyesight. This association can be predominantly explained by differences in age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, BMI, and health behaviours, as well as chronic conditions, disability and depression.

Type: Article
Title: Self-rated eyesight and handgrip strength in older adults
Location: Austria
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00508-019-01597-6
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-01597-6
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Elderly, Epidemiology, Grip strength, Physical function, Vision
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090049
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