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Development of thermo-responsive polycaprolactone macrocarriers conjugated with Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) for cell culture

Nguyen, LTB; Odeleye, AOO; Chui, C-Y; Baudequin, T; Cui, Z; Ye, H; (2019) Development of thermo-responsive polycaprolactone macrocarriers conjugated with Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) for cell culture. Scientific Reports , 9 (1) , Article 3477. 10.1038/s41598-019-40242-0. Green open access

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Abstract

Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAAm) is a well-known ‘smart’ material responding to external stimuli such as temperature. PNIPAAm was successfully conjugated to polycaprolactone (PCL) bead surfaces through amidation reaction. Functionalization steps were characterized and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and Energy Dispersion Spectroscopy. PNIPAAm-conjugated PCL allowed human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to adhere, spread, and grow successfully. By reducing the temperature to 30 °C, more than 70% of HDF were detached from PNIPAAm-conjugated PCL macrocarriers with 85% viability. The cell detachment ratio by trypsin treatment was slightly higher than that induced by reduced temperature, however, cell detachment from PNIPAAm-conjugated macrocarriers by lowering the temperature significantly reduced cell death and increased both cell viability and the recovery potential of the detached cells. HDF attachment and detachment were also observed by Live-Dead staining and phase contrast imaging. The expression of extracellular matrix proteins such as Laminin and Fibronectin was also affected by the trypsinization process but not by the reduced temperature process. Taken together, our results showed that thermo-responsive macrocarriers could be a promising alternative method for the non-invasive detachment of cells, in particular for tissue engineering, clinical applications and the use of bioreactors.

Type: Article
Title: Development of thermo-responsive polycaprolactone macrocarriers conjugated with Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) for cell culture
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-40242-0
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40242-0
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090044
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