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Validation of the HADS and PSS-10 and a cross-sectional study of psychological status in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis

Wiriyakijja, P; Porter, S; Fedele, S; Hodgson, T; McMillan, R; Shephard, M; Ni Riordain, R; (2020) Validation of the HADS and PSS-10 and a cross-sectional study of psychological status in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine , 49 (3) pp. 260-270. 10.1111/jop.12991. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To validate the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) for use in clinical studies of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and to provide cross-sectional assessment of anxiety, depressive, distress symptoms and perceived stress in patients with RAS. METHODS: Validity and reliability of the HADS and PSS-10 were evaluated in 120 individuals with RAS through confirmatory factor analysis and calculation of Cronbach's alpha and omega coefficients. The prevalence of comorbid anxiety, depression, distress and moderate-to-high perceived stress, as well as their association with demographics and clinical factors, was assessed through cut-off scores of the HADS and PSS-10 and bivariate analyses respectively. RESULTS: A bi-factor model, with all items loading onto general factor with two group factors, provides the best fit to the HADS and PSS-10 data of this RAS cohort. While omega values suggested adequate reliability of total score of both scales, relatively low ranges of coefficient omega hierarchical limit utility of their subscale scores. The prevalence of anxiety, depressive, distress symptoms and moderate-to-high perceived stress was 42.5%, 18.33%, 28.33% and 71.67% respectively. Ethnicity, alcohol consumption, disease comorbidities, clinical type of RAS, ulcer size, pain and RAS disease activity were found to be associated with negative psychological symptoms. CONCLUSION: The HADS and PSS-10 are valid and reliable as general scales of psychological distress and stress in patients with RAS. Significant mental burden among RAS patients makes the use of these validated instruments a sensible and prudent practice for psychological assessment of this patient group.

Type: Article
Title: Validation of the HADS and PSS-10 and a cross-sectional study of psychological status in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis
Location: Denmark
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/jop.12991
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12991
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Factor analysis, Hospital anxiety and depression scale, Perceived stress scale, Recurrent aphthous stomatitis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > EDI MaxFac, Diagnostic, Med and Surg Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10089747
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