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A new methodologic approach for clinico-pathologic correlations in invasive placenta previa accreta

Jauniaux, E; Hussein, AM; Zosmer, N; Elbarmelgy, RM; Elbarmelgy, RA; Shaikh, H; Burton, GJ; (2020) A new methodologic approach for clinico-pathologic correlations in invasive placenta previa accreta. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology , 222 (4) 379.e1-379.e11. 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.11.1246. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The development of new management strategies for women presenting with placenta accreta spectrum requires quality epidemiology data which have so far been limited by the high variability in clinical and histopathologic data confirming the diagnosis at birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of a new methodologic approach for the correlation of clinical and pathological data for women with a history of prior cesarean delivery diagnosed prenatally with placenta previa accreta. STUDY DESIGN: A modified pathologic technique for gross examination of hysterectomy specimens with placenta in-situ consisting of intra-operative examination, immediate post-operative examination and guided histologic sampling was used prospectively in a cohort of 24 patients with singleton pregnancies complicated by placenta low-lying/placenta previa accreta. The maternal characteristics, detailed ultrasound findings, surgical outcomes and histopathologic examination were compared with those of a group of 24 patients with similar clinical characteristics where a standard pathologic examination method was used. RESULTS: The median reporting time for obtaining the complete histopathology results including the microscopic examination was significantly shorter (7 vs 15 days; P<0.001) and the median number of samples taken for histologic examination significantly lower (4 vs 14 samples; P<0.001) in the study group than in the controls. The number of histologic slides showing villous invasion was significantly higher (2 vs 1 slides; P=0.002) and the ratio of the number of samples taken to the numbers of slides confirming villous invasion was significantly lower (2 vs 9; P<0.001) in the study group than in the controls. In all cases of the study group, intra-operative examination identified a dense tangled bed of vessels or multiple vessels running laterally and cranio-caudally in the uterine serosa above the placental insertion which were no longer visible during immediate gross post-operative examination of the hysterectomy specimens. Immediate post-operative dissection enables the differential diagnosis between focal and large increta areas, and between abnormally adherent placenta and invasive placenta accreta. CONCLUSIONS: Valuable clinical information on the serosal vascularity, uterine dehiscence and extension of the accreta area is added with the description of the macroscopic examination during the surgical procedure and immediate dissection of the specimen. This methodological approach is cost-effective and increases the quality of the histologic sampling. It thus provides more accurate correlations with the clinical data and more accurate epidemiologic data collection. Perinatal pathologists should be part of multidisciplinary teams involved the management placenta accreta spectrum disorders.

Type: Article
Title: A new methodologic approach for clinico-pathologic correlations in invasive placenta previa accreta
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.11.1246
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.11.1246
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Placenta previa accreta, grading, histopathology, increta, percreta
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Reproductive Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10089648
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