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Impact of Tanzania's Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth

Keane, A; Lund, JF; Bluwstein, J; Burgess, ND; Nielsen, MR; Homewood, K; (2019) Impact of Tanzania's Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth. Nature Sustainability 10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Large-scale area-based conservation measures affect millions of people globally. Understanding their social impacts is necessary to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences. However, quantifying the impacts of conservation measures that affect large geographic areas and diverse peoples is expensive and methodologically challenging, particularly because such evaluations should capture locally defined conceptions of well-being while permitting policy-relevant comparisons. Here, we measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative. We use a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling. We find that from 2007 to 2015 the impacts of WMAs on wealth were small and variable, with no clear evidence of widespread poverty reduction. Accompanying qualitative data suggest that apparently positive effects in one WMA cannot be directly attributed to WMA activities. Our results suggest that current WMA policy needs to be revisited if it is to promote positive local development.

Type: Article
Title: Impact of Tanzania's Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Conservation biology, Developing world, Environmental impact
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10089255
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