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Poisson splitting by factors

Holroyd, AE; Lyons, R; Soo, T; (2011) Poisson splitting by factors. Annals of Probability , 39 (5) pp. 1938-1982. 10.1214/11-AOP651. Green open access

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Abstract

Given a homogeneous Poisson process on ℝd with intensity λ, we prove that it is possible to partition the points into two sets, as a deterministic function of the process, and in an isometry-equivariant way, so that each set of points forms a homogeneous Poisson process, with any given pair of intensities summing to λ. In particular, this answers a question of Ball [Electron. Commun. Probab. 10 (2005) 60–69], who proved that in d = 1, the Poisson points may be similarly partitioned (via a translation-equivariant function) so that one set forms a Poisson process of lower intensity, and asked whether the same is possible for all d. We do not know whether it is possible similarly to add points (again chosen as a deterministic function of a Poisson process) to obtain a Poisson process of higher intensity, but we prove that this is not possible under an additional finitariness condition.

Type: Article
Title: Poisson splitting by factors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1214/11-AOP651
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1214/11-AOP651
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10089089
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