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Dystonia: A review

Batla, A; (2018) Dystonia: A review. Neurology India , 66 (7) pp. 48-58. 10.4103/0028-3886.226439. Green open access

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Abstract

Dystonia is a hyperkinetic movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions that cause abnormal repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both. The new consensus classifies dystonia into two axes to characterize clinical characteristics, and etiology. This system allows correct identification of isolated and combined forms of dystonia and retains the description of generalized and focal dystonia which is very useful in planning investigations and management. The characterization of dystonia for its better identification and a brief overview of its management are discussed in this article. The treatment options for dystonia include drugs, botulinum toxin and deep brain stimulation surgery.

Type: Article
Title: Dystonia: A review
Location: India
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.226439
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.226439
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Botulinum toxin, combined dystonia, isolated dystonia, Deep Brain Stimulation, Dystonia, Dystonic Disorders, Humans, Neurologic Examination
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10089076
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