UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Selenium and hydrogen selenide: essential micronutrient and the fourth gasotransmitter?

Kuganesan, M; Samra, K; Evans, E; Singer, M; Dyson, A; (2019) Selenium and hydrogen selenide: essential micronutrient and the fourth gasotransmitter? Intensive Care Medicine Experimental , 7 (1) , Article 71. 10.1186/s40635-019-0281-y. Green open access

[thumbnail of s40635-019-0281-y.pdf]
Preview
Text
s40635-019-0281-y.pdf - Published Version

Download (813kB) | Preview

Abstract

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient required by organisms of diverse lineage. Dietary Se is converted to hydrogen selenide either enzymatically or by endogenous antioxidant proteins. This convergent biochemical step crucially underlies the subsequent biological activity of Se and argues for inclusion of hydrogen selenide as the fourth endogenous gasotransmitter alongside nitric oxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide.Endogenously generated hydrogen selenide is incorporated into numerous 'selenoprotein' oxidoreductase enzymes, essential for maintaining redox-status homeostasis in health and disease. Direct effects of endogenous hydrogen selenide on cellular and molecular targets are currently unknown. Given exogenously, hydrogen selenide acts as a modulator of metabolism via transient inhibition of mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase. Here we provide an overview of Se biology, its impact on several physiological systems (immune, endocrine, cardiovascular and metabolic) and its utility as a supplement in acute and critical illness states. We further explore the evidence base supporting its role as the fourth gasotransmitter and propose a strategic case towards generation of novel selenomimetic therapeutics.

Type: Article
Title: Selenium and hydrogen selenide: essential micronutrient and the fourth gasotransmitter?
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s40635-019-0281-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40635-019-0281-y
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Cytochrome C oxidase, Hydrogen sulfide, Metabolism, Mitochondria, Oxidative phosphorylation, Oxidative stress, Redox, Selenium, Selenoprotein
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10088812
Downloads since deposit
34Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item