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Can Psychological Interventions Improve Intergroup Attitudes Post Terror Attacks?

Van Assche, J; Noor, M; Dierckx, K; Saleem, M; Bouchat, P; de Guissme, L; Bostyn, D; ... Chao, MM; + view all (2020) Can Psychological Interventions Improve Intergroup Attitudes Post Terror Attacks? Social Psychological and Personality Science. 10.1177/1948550619896139. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This research concurrently investigated the effectiveness of three established bias-reducing interventions (i.e., positive affirmation, secure attachment, and cognitive dissonance) in the wake of the Paris and Brussels terror attacks. Using frequentist and Bayesian analyses, Study 1 (N = 1,676), launched within days of the attacks, found that compared to a control condition, the interventions did not significantly improve intergroup attitudes. Instead, the data showed strong support of the null hypotheses that there were no intervention effects. Proximity to the attacks did not moderate the effect. Study 2 (N = 285) reexamined the effects of the three interventions 2.5 years after the attacks, generally replicating the pattern of findings in Study 1. Together, this research highlights the challenge of intergroup bias reduction following terror attacks. We conclude by discussing several recommendations for how psychological interventions could play a more impactful role in contexts of heightened conflict.

Type: Article
Title: Can Psychological Interventions Improve Intergroup Attitudes Post Terror Attacks?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/1948550619896139
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550619896139
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: terrorism, intergroup attitudes, self-affirmation, secure attachment, dissonance induction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10088745
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