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The Labor Market Integration of Refugee Migrants in High-Income Counties

Brell, C; Dustmann, C; Preston, I; (2020) The Labor Market Integration of Refugee Migrants in High-Income Counties. Journal of Economic Perpectives , 34 (1) pp. 94-121. 10.1257/jep.34.1.94. Green open access

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Abstract

We provide an overview of the integration of refugees into the labor markets of a number of high-income countries. Discussing the ways in which refugees and economic migrants are differently selected and so might be expected to perform differently in a host country's labor market, we examine employment and wages for these groups over time after arrival. There is significant heterogeneity between host countries, but in general, refugees experience persistently worse outcomes than other migrants. While the gaps between the groups can be seen to decrease on a timescale of a decade or two, this is more pronounced in employment rates than it is in wages. We also discuss how refugees are distinct in terms of other factors affecting integration, including health, language skills, and social networks. We provide a discussion of insights for public policy in receiving countries, concluding that supporting refugees in early labor market attachment is crucial.

Type: Article
Title: The Labor Market Integration of Refugee Migrants in High-Income Counties
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1257/jep.34.1.94
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.34.1.94
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10088485
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