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Hybrid fuel cell and battery propulsion system modelling and multi-objective optimisation for a coastal ferry

Wu, P; Bucknall, R; (2020) Hybrid fuel cell and battery propulsion system modelling and multi-objective optimisation for a coastal ferry. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 45 (20) pp. 3193-3208. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.11.152. Green open access

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Abstract

Efforts from all sectors of society including the shipping industry are needed to limit the overall global temperature rise to within 2°C of pre-industrial levels by 2050. The hybridisation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) and Lithium-ion batteries for coastal ship propulsion systems may potentially offer beneficial emission performance. However, such hybrid systems are constrained by power and energy density limitations, lifetime; and costs as well as life-cycle emissions of alternative fuel/energy. There is a lack of holistic design methodology dealing with these uncertainties in the literature. This paper proposes a holistic design methodology for coastal hybrid ships based upon a developed model. The power source sizing problem is solved using constrained mixed-integer multi-objective optimisation in the external layer. The global optimum energy management strategies for an averaged operating profile are obtained from deterministic dynamic programming in the inner layer, while considering power source degradations in the sizing algorithm. The proposed methodology was applied to a coastal ferry to investigate the feasibility and benefit potential of adopting the hybrid PEMFC and battery propulsion system in Matlab. The case studies indicate that the proposed propulsion system can achieve at least a 65% life-cycle greenhouse gas reduction for the considered two cases.

Type: Article
Title: Hybrid fuel cell and battery propulsion system modelling and multi-objective optimisation for a coastal ferry
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.11.152
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.11.152
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Coastal ferry, Hybrid propulsion system design, Multi-objective optimisation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10087546
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