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Multi-wavelength campaign on NGC 7469. V. Analysis of the HST/COS observations: Super solar metallicity, distance, and trough variation models

Arav, N; Xu, X; Kriss, GA; Chamberlain, C; Miller, T; Behar, E; Kaastra, JS; ... Ponti, G; + view all (2020) Multi-wavelength campaign on NGC 7469. V. Analysis of the HST/COS observations: Super solar metallicity, distance, and trough variation models. Astronomy & Astrophysics , 633 , Article A61. 10.1051/0004-6361/201935342. Green open access

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Abstract

Context. AGN outflows are thought to influence the evolution of their host galaxies and their super massive black holes. To better understand these outflows, we executed a deep multiwavelength campaign on NGC 7469. The resulting data, combined with those of earlier epochs, allowed us to construct a comprehensive physical, spatial, and temporal picture for this AGN wind. Aims. Our aim is to determine the distance of the UV outflow components from the central source, their abundances and total column-density, and the mechanism responsible for their observed absorption variability. Methods. We studied the UV spectra acquired during the campaign as well as from three previous epochs (2002–2010). Our main analysis tools are ionic column-density extraction techniques and photoionization models (both equilibrium and time-dependent models) based on the code CLOUDY. Results. For component 1 (at –600 km s−1) our findings include the following: metallicity that is roughly twice solar; a simple model based on a fixed total column-density absorber, reacting to changes in ionizing illumination that matches the different ionic column densities derived from four spectroscopic epochs spanning 13 years; and a distance of R = 6+2.5−1.5 pc from the central source. Component 2 (at –1430 km s−1) has shallow troughs and is at a much larger R. For component 3 (at –1880 km s−1) our findings include: a similar metallicity to component 1; a photoionization-based model can explain the major features of its complicated absorption trough variability and an upper limit of 60 or 150 pc on R. This upper limit is consistent and complementary to the X-ray derived lower limit of 12 or 31 pc for R. The total column density of the UV phase is roughly 1% and 0.1% of the lower and upper ionization components of the warm absorber, respectively. Conclusions. The NGC 7469 outflow shows super-solar metallicity similar to the outflow in Mrk 279, carbon and nitrogen are twice and four times more abundant than their solar values, respectively. Similar to the NGC 5548 case, a simple model can explain the physical characteristics and the variability observed in the outflow.

Type: Article
Title: Multi-wavelength campaign on NGC 7469. V. Analysis of the HST/COS observations: Super solar metallicity, distance, and trough variation models
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935342
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201935342
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: galaxies: clusters: individual: NGC 7469 / galaxies: abundances / galaxies: Seyfert / ultraviolet: galaxies
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10087145
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