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Identification of Surrogate Anatomic Identifiers of Disease Progression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Lamin, Ali A. Ali; (2019) Identification of Surrogate Anatomic Identifiers of Disease Progression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in patients over 50 in the developed world. The visual impairment is due to either choroidal neovascularisation (wet AMD) or geographic atrophy (GA). Drusen is the hallmark of AMD but the presence of drusen does not inform progression to wet AMD. Although the disease is mostly bilateral, the rate of progression of disease in both eyes may not be simultaneous. If one eye is affected by wet AMD, the risk of progression of the fellow eye to wet AMD increases by 10% every year. However, there are no markers that inform the time of conversion to wet AMD. For this reason, there is an unmet need to identify biomarkers that can fully predict the progression to wet AMD in order to allow early intervention before permanent damage. My thesis aimed to assess whether changes in imaging characteristics can more precisely explain conversion. I studied various cohorts including (a) normal aging eyes (b) eyes with early/ intermediate AMD and (c) fellow eyes of unilateral wet AMD to study the conversion to wet AMD. Firstly, I evaluated longitudinally volume changes in inner and outer retinal layers of 71 eyes with early/intermediate AMD using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Our results showed that inner and outer retina layer volumes may differentiate AMD eyes from healthy eyes. When comparing those who progressed to wet AMD at year 2 to those who did not, we found that baseline volume of GCIPL may differentiate between the 2 groups. As it is an inner retinal change, I hypothesized that heritability of the retinal layers may influence the rate of retinal layer changes and that may in turn help understand the changes seen in aging and AMD. I worked with the TWIN Study database, in which OCT was done in eyes of twins of different age groups and OCT data were available on 364 eyes of 184 (92 pair) twins. I evaluated whether heritability was responsible for ageing changes of the retinal layers. I found that total retinal volume and inner retinal layer volumes may be affected by genetic factors.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Identification of Surrogate Anatomic Identifiers of Disease Progression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author [year]. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10087044
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