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Quantification of the severity of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in a neonatal preclinical model using measurements of cytochrome-c-oxidase from a miniature broadband-near-infrared spectroscopy system

Kaynezhad, P; Mitra, S; Bale, G; Bauer, C; Lingam, I; Meehan, C; Avdic-Belltheus, A; ... Tachtsidis, I; + view all (2019) Quantification of the severity of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in a neonatal preclinical model using measurements of cytochrome-c-oxidase from a miniature broadband-near-infrared spectroscopy system. Neurophotonics , 6 (4) , Article 045009. 10.1117/1.NPh.6.4.045009. Green open access

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Abstract

We describe the development of a miniaturized broadband near-infrared spectroscopy system (bNIRS), which measures changes in cerebral tissue oxyhemoglobin (  [  HbO₂ ]  ) and deoxyhemoglobin ([HHb]) plus tissue metabolism via changes in the oxidation state of cytochrome-c-oxidase ([oxCCO]). The system is based on a small light source and a customized mini-spectrometer. We assessed the instrument in a preclinical study in 27 newborn piglets undergoing transient cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (HI). We aimed to quantify the recovery of the HI insult and estimate the severity of the injury. The recovery in brain oxygenation (Δ  [  HbDiff  ]    =  Δ  [  HbO₂  ]    −  Δ  [  HHb  ]  ), blood volume (Δ  [  HbT  ]    =  Δ  [  HbO₂  ]    +  Δ  [  HHb  ]  ), and metabolism (Δ  [  oxCCO  ]  ) for up to 30 min after the end of HI were quantified in percentages using the recovery fraction (RF) algorithm, which quantifies the recovery of a signal with respect to baseline. The receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed on bNIRS-RF measurements compared to proton (H1) magnetic resonance spectroscopic (MRS)-derived thalamic lactate/N-acetylaspartate (Lac/NAA) measured at 24-h post HI insult; Lac/NAA peak area ratio is an accurate surrogate marker of neurodevelopmental outcome in babies with neonatal HI encephalopathy. The Δ  [  oxCCO  ]  -RF cut-off threshold of 79% within 30 min of HI predicted injury severity based on Lac/NAA with high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (93%). A significant difference in thalamic Lac/NAA was noticed (p  <  0.0001) between the two groups based on this cut-off threshold of 79% Δ  [  oxCCO  ]  -RF. The severe injury group (n  =  13) had ∼30  %   smaller recovery in Δ  [  HbDiff  ]  -RF (p  =  0.0001) and no significant difference was observed in Δ  [  HbT  ]  -RF between groups. At 48 h post HI, significantly higher P31-MRS-measured inorganic phosphate/exchangeable phosphate pool (epp) (p  =  0.01) and reduced phosphocreatine/epp (p  =  0.003) were observed in the severe injury group indicating persistent cerebral energy depletion. Based on these results, the bNIRS measurement of the oxCCO recovery fraction offers a noninvasive real-time biomarker of brain injury severity within 30 min following HI insult.

Type: Article
Title: Quantification of the severity of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in a neonatal preclinical model using measurements of cytochrome-c-oxidase from a miniature broadband-near-infrared spectroscopy system
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1117/1.NPh.6.4.045009
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1117/1.NPh.6.4.045009
Language: English
Additional information: © The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: broadband near-infrared spectroscopy, cytochrome-c-oxidase, hypoxia-ischemia, near-infrared spectroscopy, neonatal encephalopathy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Neonatology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Womens Cancer
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10086596
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