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Optimising organ perfusion in the high-risk surgical and critical care patient: a narrative review

Parker, T; Brealey, D; Dyson, A; Singer, M; (2019) Optimising organ perfusion in the high-risk surgical and critical care patient: a narrative review. British Journal of Anaesthesia , 123 (2) pp. 170-176. 10.1016/j.bja.2019.03.027. Green open access

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Abstract

Maintenance or prompt restoration of an oxygen supply sufficient to facilitate adequate cellular metabolism is fundamental in maintaining organ function. This is particularly relevant when metabolic needs change markedly, for example in response to major surgery or critical illness. The consequences of inadequate tissue oxygenation include wound and anastomotic breakdown, organ dysfunction, and death. However, our ability to identify those at risk and to promptly recognise and correct tissue hypoperfusion is limited. Reliance is placed upon surrogate markers of tissue oxygenation such as arterial blood pressure and serum lactate that are insensitive to early organ compromise. Advances in oxygen sensing technology will facilitate monitoring in various organ beds and allow more precise titration of therapies to physiologically relevant endpoints. Clinical trials will be needed to evaluate any impact on outcomes, however accurate on-line monitoring of the adequacy of tissue oxygenation offers the promise of a paradigm shift in resuscitation and perioperative practice. This narrative review examines current evidence for goal-directed therapy in the optimisation of organ perfusion in high-risk surgical and critically ill patients, and offers arguments to support the potential utility of tissue oxygen monitoring.

Type: Article
Title: Optimising organ perfusion in the high-risk surgical and critical care patient: a narrative review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bja.2019.03.027
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2019.03.027
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: critical care, hypoxia, outcomes, perfusion, perioperative, tissue oxygenation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10086131
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