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Impaired cellular bioenergetics caused by GBA1 depletion sensitizes neurons to calcium overload

Plotegher, N; Perocheau, D; Ferrazza, R; Massaro, G; Bhosale, G; Zambon, F; Rahim, AA; ... Duchen, MR; + view all (2020) Impaired cellular bioenergetics caused by GBA1 depletion sensitizes neurons to calcium overload. Cell Death & Differentiation , 27 pp. 1588-1603. 10.1038/s41418-019-0442-2. Green open access

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Abstract

Heterozygous mutations of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GBA1) represent the major genetic risk for Parkinson’s disease (PD), while homozygous GBA1 mutations cause Gaucher disease, a lysosomal storage disorder, which may involve severe neurodegeneration. We have previously demonstrated impaired autophagy and proteasomal degradation pathways and mitochondrial dysfunction in neurons from GBA1 knockout (gba1^{-/-}) mice. We now show that stimulation with physiological glutamate concentrations causes pathological [Ca^{2+}]_{c} esponses and delayed calcium deregulation, collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential and an irreversible fall in the ATP/ADP ratio. Mitochondrial Ca^{2+} uptake was reduced in gba1^{−/−} cells as was expression of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter. The rate of free radical generation was increased in gba1^{−/−} neurons. Behavior of gba1^{+/−} neurons was similar to gba1^{−/−} in terms of all variables, consistent with a contribution of these mechanisms to the pathogenesis of PD. These data signpost reduced bioenergetic capacity and [Ca^{2+}]_{c} dysregulation as mechanisms driving neurodegeneration.

Type: Article
Title: Impaired cellular bioenergetics caused by GBA1 depletion sensitizes neurons to calcium overload
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41418-019-0442-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41418-019-0442-2
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmacology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10086013
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