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Perioperative Oxidative Stress: The Unseen Enemy

Stevens, JL; Feelisch, M; Martin, DS; (2019) Perioperative Oxidative Stress: The Unseen Enemy. Anesthesia & Analgesia , 129 (6) pp. 1749-1760. 10.1213/ANE.0000000000004455. Green open access

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Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essential for cellular signaling and physiological function. An imbalance between ROS production and antioxidant protection results in a state of oxidative stress (OS), which is associated with perturbations in reduction/oxidation (redox) regulation, cellular dysfunction, organ failure, and disease. The pathophysiology of OS is closely interlinked with inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and, in the case of surgery, ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Perioperative OS is a complex response that involves patient, surgical, and anesthetic factors. The magnitude of tissue injury inflicted by the surgery affects the degree of OS, and both duration and nature of the anesthetic procedure applied can modify this. Moreover, the interindividual susceptibility to the impact of OS is likely to be highly variable and potentially linked to underlying comorbidities. The pathological link between OS and postoperative complications remains unclear, in part due to the complexities of measuring ROS- and OS-mediated damage. Exogenous antioxidant use and exercise have been shown to modulate OS and may have potential as countermeasures to improve postoperative recovery. A better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of OS, redox signaling, and regulation can provide an opportunity for patient-specific phenotyping and development of targeted interventions to reduce the disruption that surgery can cause to our physiology. Anesthesiologists are in a unique position to deliver countermeasures to OS and improve physiological resilience. To shy away from a process so fundamental to the welfare of these patients would be foolhardy and negligent, thus calling for an improved understanding of this complex facet of human biology.

Type: Article
Title: Perioperative Oxidative Stress: The Unseen Enemy
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000004455
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000004455
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10085489
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