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Photoreduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol Using CdS Nanorods

Nasir, JA; Ambareen, H; Khan, A; Khan, MA; Chen, W; Akhter, MS; Zia-ur-Rehman, ; (2018) Photoreduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol Using CdS Nanorods. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology , 18 (11) pp. 7516-7522. 10.1166/jnn.2018.16092.

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Abstract

In this study CdS nanorods (NR), of 46.6 nm average length and diameter ≥3.30 nm (TEM), derived from cadmium(II) dibenzylcarbamodithioate have been used as a visible light driven photocatalyst for the transformation of environmentally detrimental 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) of pharmaceutical significance. As prepared CdS-NR were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction technique (SAED), fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), steady-state and time resolved photoluminesce (PL) and UV-visible spectroscopy (band gap of 2.4 eV). PXRD results revealed that CdS-NR exhibit pure hexagonal character. The photoluminescence and time-resolved PL have confirmed the low electron–hole recombination rate in CdS-NR than the bulk CdS. The transformation of 4-NP to 4-AP on CdS-NR follows pseudo-first order kinetics with a rate constant 0.202 min−1 and turnover frequency (TOF) 6.06 h−1.

Type: Article
Title: Photoreduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol Using CdS Nanorods
DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2018.16092
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2018.16092
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record . For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: CdS-NR; Pharmaceutics; Photoreduction; Pollutant
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10085365
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