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Barriers and Pitfalls for Artificial Intelligence in Gastroenterology: Ethical and Regulatory issues

Ahmad, OF; Stoyanov, D; Lovat, LB; (2019) Barriers and Pitfalls for Artificial Intelligence in Gastroenterology: Ethical and Regulatory issues. Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 10.1016/j.tgie.2019.150636. (In press).

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Lovat TGIE Ahmad - Barriers and Pitfalls for AI. Submission Version 1.0.pdf - Accepted version
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Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI)-based technologies are developing rapidly, offering great promise for gastroenterology and particularly endoscopy. However, there are complex barriers and pitfalls that must be considered before widespread real-world clinical implementation can occur. This review highlights major ethical concerns related to data privacy and sharing that are essential for the development of AI models, through to practical clinical issues such as potential patient harm, accountability, bias in decisions, and impact on workforce. Finally, current regulatory pathways are discussed, recognizing that these need to evolve to deal with unique new challenges, such as the adaptive and rapidly iterative nature of AI-based technologies, while striking a balance between ensuring patient safety and promoting innovation.

Type: Article
Title: Barriers and Pitfalls for Artificial Intelligence in Gastroenterology: Ethical and Regulatory issues
DOI: 10.1016/j.tgie.2019.150636
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tgie.2019.150636
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Machine Learning; Endoscopy; Ethics; Regulation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Targeted Intervention
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10084793
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