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Meta-analysis of individual patient data of albumin dialysis in acute-on-chronic liver failure: focus on treatment intensity

Banares, R; Ibanez-Samaniege, L; Maria Torner, J; Pavesi, M; Olmedo, C; Vega Catalina, M; Albillos, A; ... Arroyo, V; + view all (2019) Meta-analysis of individual patient data of albumin dialysis in acute-on-chronic liver failure: focus on treatment intensity. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology , 12 pp. 1-12. 10.1177/1756284819879565. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a common complication of cirrhosis characterized by single or multiple organ failures and high short-term mortality. Treatment of ACLF consists of standard medical care (SMC) and organ(s) support. Whether the efficacy of artificial liver support (ALS) depends on the severity of ACLF or on the intensity of this treatment, or both, is unclear. This study aimed to further assess these issues. Methods: We performed an individual patient data meta-analysis assessing the efficacy of Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS) in ACLF patients enrolled in prior randomized control trials (RCTs). The meta-analysis was designed to assess the effect of patient severity (ACLF grade) and treatment intensity [low-intensity therapy (LIT), SMC alone or SMC plus ⩽ 4 MARS sessions, high-intensity therapy (HIT), SMC plus > 4 MARS sessions] on mortality. Results: Three RCTs suitable for the meta-analysis (n=285, ACLF patients=165) were identified in a systematic review. SMC plus MARS (irrespective of the number of sessions) did not improve survival compared with SMC alone, neither in the complete population nor in the ACLF patients. Survival, however, was significantly improved in the subgroup of patients receiving HIT both in the entire cohort (10-day survival: 98.6% versus 82.8%, p=0.001; 30-day survival: 73.9% versus 64.3%, p=0.032) and within the ACLF patients (10-day survival: 97.8% versus 78.6%, p=0.001; 30-day survival: 73.3% versus 58.5%, p=0.041). Remarkably, HIT increased survival independently of ACLF grade. Independent predictors of survival were age, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), ACLF grade, number of MARS sessions received, and intensity of MARS therapy. Conclusion: HIT with albumin dialysis may improve survival in patients with ACLF. Appropriate treatment schedules should be determined in future clinical trials.

Type: Article
Title: Meta-analysis of individual patient data of albumin dialysis in acute-on-chronic liver failure: focus on treatment intensity
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/1756284819879565
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/1756284819879565
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)
Keywords: albumin dialysis, artificial liver support, liver failure, meta-analysis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inst for Liver and Digestive Hlth
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10084540
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