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Behavioral interventions for asthma self-management in South Asian populations: a systematic review

Lee, C; Alexander, E; Lee, R; Okorocha, N; Manikam, L; Lakhanpaul, M; (2019) Behavioral interventions for asthma self-management in South Asian populations: a systematic review. Journal of Asthma 10.1080/02770903.2019.1658209. (In press).

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Abstract

Objective: Asthma outcomes are significantly worse for minority groups, including South Asians (SAs), in high-income settings. Despite this, comparatively few existing studies have focused on SAs when studying the effectiveness of behavioral interventions on asthma self-management, and no prior study has synthesized these findings. We review the effectiveness of behavioral interventions on asthma management in adults and children of SA origin across low- (LICs), middle- (MICs), and high-income countries (HICs). // Methods: Data sources included EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Trial registries: WHO, ICTRP and ClinicalTrials.gov. Eligibility criteria: randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs and non-RCTs (controlled before-after [CBA] studies), published in English, with no publication year or country restrictions in adults and children of South Asian origin. Exclusion criteria: those focusing solely on pharmacological interventions. Search terms were “asthma” and “South Asian”. // Results: We included 33 studies, 27 from MICs and 6 from HICs (education [n = 10], self-management plans [n = 6], yoga/breathing exercises [n = 10]) organizational interventions [n =1], diet therapy [n = 1] and combined interventions [n = 5]). Outcome measures included: blood biochemistry, lung function, healthcare utilization and quality of life. A meta-analysis was not performed due to significant study heterogeneity. // Conclusion: Behavioral interventions for asthma management in SAs are effective. Educational interventions that aim to optimize asthma knowledge, control, and inhaler technique, and yoga/breathing exercises are most effective for improved long-term outcomes in adults and children across LICs and MICs. Further research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of all behavioral interventions for SAs in HICs to better inform current guidance by policy makers and health care providers.

Type: Article
Title: Behavioral interventions for asthma self-management in South Asian populations: a systematic review
DOI: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1658209
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2019.1658209
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Asthma, Asian, South Asian, behavioral, effectiveness
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Pop, Policy and Practice Prog
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10084263
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