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Examining cultural dimensions and depression in Iran

Gillard, Julia Alexandra; (2019) Examining cultural dimensions and depression in Iran. Doctoral thesis (D.Clin.Psy), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis explores the relationship between depression and cultural orientation in Iran. This overview provides a summary of all three parts of the first volume of this thesis: a literature review, an empirical paper and a critical appraisal. The literature review examined the relationship between culture and emotion in the context of depression. This was important given the many overlapping psychological and emotional processes being implicated in the current models of depression. Results from the review revealed cultural differences in the conceptualisation of depression, as well as cultural variability in the perception, experience and regulation of emotion. This suggested that perceptions and experiences of emotion are shaped through the interplay of biologically innate processes, as well as the reinforcement of appraisals and belief systems consistent with cultural contexts. However, challenges in cross-cultural psychology remain in the replication and validation of existing findings, which may account for the cultural variability. The empirical paper thus explored cultural orientation and depression in Iran. Findings validated a range of cultural measures in line with calls in the literature to provide replicability. In addition, a data-driven approach was used to derive meaningful latent structures across cultural measures that, importantly, provided a unique examination of the relationship between culture and depression. Results provide compelling evidence suggesting multi-dimensionality in Iran, necessitating a reconsideration of previous cultural conceptualisations. Finally, the Critical Appraisal considers the whole research process, providing further background to the implementation of this project and personal reflections on developing as a scientist-practitioner.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: D.Clin.Psy
Title: Examining cultural dimensions and depression in Iran
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10084173
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