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Joint Distribution of Passage Times of an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Diffusion and Real-Time Computational Methods for Financial Sensitivities

Jiang, Yupeng; (2019) Joint Distribution of Passage Times of an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Diffusion and Real-Time Computational Methods for Financial Sensitivities. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis analyses two broad problems: the computation of financial sensitivities, which is a computationally expensive exercise, and the evaluation of barriercrossing probabilities which cannot be approximated to reach a certain precision in certain circumstances. In the former case, we consider the computation of the parameter sensitivities of large portfolios and also valuation adjustments. The traditional approach to compute sensitivities is by the finite-difference approximation method, which requires an iterated implementation of the original valuation function. This leads to substantial computational costs, no matter whether the valuation was implemented via numerical partial differential equation methods or Monte Carlo simulations. However, we show that the adjoint algorithmic differentiation algorithm can be utilised to calculate these price sensitivities reliably and orders of magnitude faster compared to standard finite-difference approaches. In the latter case, we consider barrier-crossing problems of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck diffusions. Especially in the case where the barrier is difficult to reach, the problem turns into a rare event occurrence approximation problem. We prove that it cannot be estimated accurately and robustly with direct Monte Carlo methods because of the irremovable bias and Monte Carlo error. Instead, we adopt a partial differential equation method alongside the eigenfunction expansion, from which we are able to calculate the distribution and the survival functions for the maxima of a homogeneous Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process in a single interval. By the conditional independence property of Markov processes, the results can be further extended to inhomogeneous cases and multiple period barrier-crossing problems, both of which can be efficiently implemented by quadrature and Monte Carlo integration methods.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Joint Distribution of Passage Times of an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Diffusion and Real-Time Computational Methods for Financial Sensitivities
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10083702
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