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Abdominal Adipose Tissue Is Associated With Alterations in Tryptophan-Kynurenine Metabolism and Markers of Systemic Inflammation in People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Gelpi, M; Ueland, PM; Trøseid, M; Mocroft, A; Lebech, A-M; Ullum, H; Midttun, Ø; ... Copenhagen Comorbidity in HIV Infection (COCOMO) Study, ; + view all (2020) Abdominal Adipose Tissue Is Associated With Alterations in Tryptophan-Kynurenine Metabolism and Markers of Systemic Inflammation in People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Journal of Infectious Diseases , 221 (3) pp. 419-427. 10.1093/infdis/jiz465. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: While both adipose tissue accumulation and tryptophan metabolism alterations are features of HIV infection, their interplay is unclear. We investigated associations between abdominal adipose tissue, alterations in kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism, and systemic inflammation in people with HIV (PWH). / Methods: 864 PWH and 75 uninfected controls were included. Plasma samples were collected and analyzed for kynurenine metabolites, neopterin, high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP), lipids. Regression models were used to test associations in PWH. / Results: PWH had higher kynurenine-to-tryptophan ratio than uninfected individuals (p-value < 0.001). In PWH, increase in waist-to-hip ratio was associated with higher kynurenine-to-tryptophan ratio (p-value 0.009) and quinolinic-to-kynurenic acid ratio (p-value 0.006) and lower kynurenic acid concentration (p-value 0.019). Quinolinic-to-kynurenic acid ratio was associated with higher hs-CRP (p-value < 0.001) and neopterin concentrations (p-value <0.001), while kynurenic acid was associated with lower hs-CRP (p-value 0.025) and neopterin concentrations (p-value 0.034). / Conclusion: In PWH increase in abdominal adipose tissue was associated with increased quinolinic-to-kynurenic acid ratio, suggesting activation of pro-inflammatory pathway of kynurenine metabolism, with reduction of anti-inflammatory molecules, and increase in systemic inflammation. Our results suggest dysregulation of kynurenine metabolism associated with abdominal fat accumulation to be a potential source of inflammation in HIV infection.

Type: Article
Title: Abdominal Adipose Tissue Is Associated With Alterations in Tryptophan-Kynurenine Metabolism and Markers of Systemic Inflammation in People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiz465
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiz465
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Kynurenine, abdominal adipose tissue, HIV infection, inflammation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10083467
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