UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Preparation, Characterization and Dermal Delivery of Methadone

Kung, C-P; Sil, BC; Hadgraft, J; Lane, ME; Patel, B; McCulloch, R; (2019) Preparation, Characterization and Dermal Delivery of Methadone. Pharmaceutics , 11 (10) , Article 509. 10.3390/pharmaceutics11100509. Green open access

[thumbnail of pharmaceutics-11-00509.pdf]
Preview
Text
pharmaceutics-11-00509.pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Abstract: The use of methadone for the management of pain has received great interest in recent years. Currently, oral and intravenous formulations are available for clinical use. Dermal delivery represents an attractive alternative route of administration for this drug as it is associated with comparatively fewer side effects. The first stage of the work was the preparation of methadone free base as this form of the drug is expected to permeate the skin to a greater extent than the hydrochloride salt. Subsequently the molecule was characterized with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and thermal analysis, the distribution coefficient was determined and solubility studies were conducted in a range of solvents. In vitro permeation and mass balance studies were conducted under finite dose conditions (5 µL/cm2 ) in porcine skin. The results confirmed the more favorable penetration of methadone free base compared with the salt. The highest cumulative amount of methadone (41 ± 5 µg/cm2 ) permeated from d-limonene (LIM). Ethyl oleate (EO), Transcutol® P (TC) and octyl salicylate (OSAL) also appear to be promising candidate components of dermal formulations for methadone base. Future work will focus on further formulation optimization with the objective of progressing to evaluation of prototype dosage forms in clinical trials.

Type: Article
Title: Preparation, Characterization and Dermal Delivery of Methadone
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics11100509
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics11100509
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: dermal delivery, in vitro permeation, methadone, pain, porcine skin
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10083365
Downloads since deposit
26Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item