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Service- and practitioner-level variation in non-consensual dropout from child mental health services

Edbrooke-Childs, J; Boehnke, JR; Zamperoni, V; Calderon, A; Whale, A; (2019) Service- and practitioner-level variation in non-consensual dropout from child mental health services. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 10.1007/s00787-019-01405-6. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Non-attendance of mental health service appointments is an international problem. In the UK, for example, the estimated cost of non-attendance in child mental health services is over £45 million (US dollar 60.94 million) per annum. The objective of this study was to examine whether there were service- and practitioner-level variation in non-consensual dropout in child mental health services. This was an analysis of routinely collected data. Service-level variation (as services covered different geographic areas) and practitioner-level variation were examined in N = 3622 children (mean age 12.70 years; SD 3.62, 57% female, 50% white or white British) seen by 896 practitioners across 39 services. Overall, 35% of the variation in non-consensual dropout was explained at the service level and 15% at the practitioner level. Children were almost four times more likely to drop out depending on which service they attended (median odds ratio = 3.92) and were two-and-a-half times more likely to drop out depending on which practitioner they saw (median odds ratio = 2.53). These levels of variation were not explained by levels of deprivation in areas covered by services or by children's demographic and case characteristics. The findings of the present research may suggest that, beyond service-level variation, there is also practitioner-level variation in non-consensual dropout in child mental health services.

Type: Article
Title: Service- and practitioner-level variation in non-consensual dropout from child mental health services
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00787-019-01405-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-019-01405-6
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Adolescent mental health, Non-consensual dropout, Risk adjustment, Service-level variation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10083045
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