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The underlying etiology of infantile spasms (West syndrome): Information from the International Collaborative Infantile Spasms Study (ICISS)

Osborne, JP; Edwards, SW; Alber, FD; Hancock, E; Johnson, AL; Kennedy, CR; Likeman, M; ... O'Callaghan, FJK; + view all (2019) The underlying etiology of infantile spasms (West syndrome): Information from the International Collaborative Infantile Spasms Study (ICISS). Epilepsia , 60 (9) pp. 1861-1869. 10.1111/epi.16305. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the underlying etiologies in a contemporary cohort of infants with infantile spasms and to examine response to treatment. METHODS: Identification of the underlying etiology and response to treatment in 377 infants enrolled in a clinical trial of the treatment of infantile spasms between 2007 and 2014 using a systematic review of history, examination, and investigations. They were classified using the pediatric adaptation of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD‐10). RESULTS: A total of 219 of 377 (58%) had a proven etiology, of whom 128 (58%) responded, 58 of 108 (54%) were allocated hormonal treatment, and 70 of 111 (63%) had combination therapy. Fourteen of 17 (82%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 59% to 94%) infants with stroke and infarct responded (compared to 114 of 202 for the rest of the proven etiology group (56%, 95% CI 48% to 62%, chi‐square 4.3, P = .037): the better response remains when treatment allocation and lead time are taken into account (odds ratio 5.1, 95% CI 1.1 to 23.6, P = .037). Twenty of 37 (54%, 95% CI 38% to 70%) infants with Down syndrome had cessation of spasms compared to 108 of 182 (59%, 95% CI 52% to 66%, chi‐square 0.35, P = .55) for the rest of the proven etiology group. The lack of a significant difference remains after taking treatment modality and lead‐time into account (odds ratio 0.8, 95% CI 0.4 to 1.7, P = .62). In Down syndrome infants, treatment modality did not appear to affect response: 11 of 20 (55%) allocated hormonal therapy responded, compared to 9 of 17 (53%) allocated combination therapy. SIGNIFICANCE: This classification allows easy comparison with other classifications and with our earlier reports. Stroke and infarct have a better outcome than other etiologies, whereas Down syndrome might not respond to the addition of vigabatrin to hormonal treatment.

Type: Article
Title: The underlying etiology of infantile spasms (West syndrome): Information from the International Collaborative Infantile Spasms Study (ICISS)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/epi.16305
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/epi.16305
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: etiology, infantile spasms, West syndrome
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10082545
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