UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Abnormal fatty acid metabolism is a core component of spinal muscular atrophy

Deguise, M-O; Baranello, G; Mastella, C; Beauvais, A; Michaud, J; Leone, A; De Amicis, R; ... Kothary, R; + view all (2019) Abnormal fatty acid metabolism is a core component of spinal muscular atrophy. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology , 6 (8) pp. 1519-1532. 10.1002/acn3.50855. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Baranello_Abnormal fatty acid metabolism is a core component of spinal muscular atrophy_VoR.pdf - Published version

Download (8MB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited neuromuscular disorder leading to paralysis and subsequent death in young children. Initially considered a motor neuron disease, extra‐neuronal involvement is increasingly recognized. The primary goal of this study was to investigate alterations in lipid metabolism in SMA patients and mouse models of the disease. Methods We analyzed clinical data collected from a large cohort of pediatric SMA type I–III patients as well as SMA type I liver necropsy data. In parallel, we performed histology, lipid analysis, and transcript profiling in mouse models of SMA. Results We identify an increased susceptibility to developing dyslipidemia in a cohort of 72 SMA patients and liver steatosis in pathological samples. Similarly, fatty acid metabolic abnormalities were present in all SMA mouse models studied. Specifically, Smn2B/‐ mice displayed elevated hepatic triglycerides and dyslipidemia, resembling non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Interestingly, this phenotype appeared prior to denervation. Interpretation This work highlights metabolic abnormalities as an important feature of SMA, suggesting implementation of nutritional and screening guidelines in patients, as such defects are likely to increase metabolic distress and cardiovascular risk. This study emphasizes the need for a systemic therapeutic approach to ensure maximal benefits for all SMA patients throughout their life.

Type: Article
Title: Abnormal fatty acid metabolism is a core component of spinal muscular atrophy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/acn3.50855
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/acn3.50855
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10082318
Downloads since deposit
29Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item