UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Policy Ideology in European Mass Publics, 1981–2016

O'Grady, T; Warshaw, C; Caughey, D; (2019) Policy Ideology in European Mass Publics, 1981–2016. American Political Science Review , 113 (3) pp. 674-693. 10.1017/S0003055419000157. Green open access

[thumbnail of O’Grady_manuscript.pdf]
O’Grady_manuscript.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (592kB) | Preview


Using new scaling methods and a comprehensive public opinion dataset, we develop the first survey-based time-series–cross-sectional measures of policy ideology in European mass publics. Our dataset covers 27 countries and 36 years and contains nearly 2.7 million survey responses to 109 unique issue questions. Estimating an ordinal group-level IRT model in each of four issue domains, we obtain biennial estimates of the absolute economic conservatism, relative economic conservatism, social conservatism, and immigration conservatism of men and women in three age categories in each country. Aggregating the group-level estimates yields estimates of the average conservatism in national publics in each biennium between 1981–82 and 2015–16. The four measures exhibit contrasting cross-sectional cleavages and distinct temporal dynamics, illustrating the multidimensionality of mass ideology in Europe. Subjecting our measures to a series of validation tests, we show that the constructs they measure are distinct and substantively important and that they perform as well as or better than one-dimensional proxies for mass conservatism (left–right self-placement and median voter scores). We foresee many uses for these scores by scholars of public opinion, electoral behavior, representation, and policy feedback.

Type: Article
Title: Policy Ideology in European Mass Publics, 1981–2016
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0003055419000157
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055419000157
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10082158
Downloads since deposit
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item