UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Linguistic alignment and theory of mind impairments in schizophrenia patients' dialogic interactions

Dwyer, K; David, AS; McCarthy, R; McKenna, P; Peters, E; (2019) Linguistic alignment and theory of mind impairments in schizophrenia patients' dialogic interactions. Psychological Medicine 10.1017/S0033291719002289. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of David_Alignment and TOM in schizophrenia MS revised draft.pdf]
Preview
Text
David_Alignment and TOM in schizophrenia MS revised draft.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (512kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Impairments of contextual processing and theory of mind (ToM) have both been offered as accounts of the deviant language characterising formal thought disorder (FTD) in schizophrenia. This study investigated these processes in patients' dialogue. We predicted that FTD patients would show a decrement in linguistic alignment, associated with impaired ToM in dialogue. METHODS: Speech samples were elicited via participation in an interactive computer-based task and a semi-structured interview to assess contextual processing abilities and ToM skills in dialogue, respectively, and from an interactive card-sorting task to measure syntactic alignment. Degree of alignment in dialogue and the syntactic task, and evidence of ToM in (i) dialogue and (ii) a traditional ToM task were compared across schizophrenia patients with FTD (n = 21), non-FTD patients (n = 22) and healthy controls (n = 21). RESULTS: FTD patients showed less alignment than the other two groups in dialogue, and than healthy controls on the syntactic task. FTD patients showed poorer performance on the ToM task than the other two groups, but only compared to the healthy controls in dialogue. The FTD group's degree of alignment in dialogue was correlated with ToM performance in dialogue but not with the traditional ToM task or with syntactic alignment. CONCLUSIONS: In dialogue, FTD patients demonstrate an impairment in employing available contextual information to facilitate their own subsequent production, which is associated with a ToM deficit. These findings indicate that a contextual processing deficit impacts on exploiting representations via the production system impoverishing the ability to make predictions about upcoming utterances in dialogue.

Type: Article
Title: Linguistic alignment and theory of mind impairments in schizophrenia patients' dialogic interactions
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0033291719002289
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719002289
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Alignment, contextual processing, formal thought disorder, priming, theory of mind
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10082148
Downloads since deposit
186Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item