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Big Five model and trait emotional intelligence in camouflaging behaviours in autism

Robinson, E; Hull, L; Petrides, KV; (2020) Big Five model and trait emotional intelligence in camouflaging behaviours in autism. Personality and Individual Differences , 152 , Article 109565. 10.1016/j.paid.2019.109565. (In press).

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Abstract

This study investigated the association of the five-factor model and trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) with camouflaging behaviours (masking and compensating for autistic characteristics) in a large sample of 278 autistic and 230 typically developing (TD) participants. Participants completed questionnaires assessing autistic traits, big five personality, trait EI, and social camouflaging of autistic traits. Camouflaging was negatively related to extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, while it was positively related to neuroticism. Trait EI was also negatively linked to camouflaging. The differences between autistic and TD participants regarding camouflaging are discussed. Additionally, associations between the dimensions of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism with autistic traits were found, supporting previous research showing that individuals with higher autistic traits are predisposed to specific personality traits. Trait EI had a negative relationship with autistic traits, suggesting a specific emotional difficulty for individuals with high autistic traits.

Type: Article
Title: Big Five model and trait emotional intelligence in camouflaging behaviours in autism
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2019.109565
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.109565
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Autism, Personality, Trait emotion intelligence, Camouflaging, Five-factor model, Big five
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081968
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