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Randomised trial of population-based BRCA testing in Ashkenazi Jews: long-term outcomes

Manchanda, R; Burnell, M; Gaba, F; Desai, R; Wardle, J; Gessler, S; Side, L; ... Jacobs, I; + view all (2020) Randomised trial of population-based BRCA testing in Ashkenazi Jews: long-term outcomes. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , 127 (3) pp. 364-375. 10.1111/1471-0528.15905. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Unselected population‐based BRCA testing provides the opportunity to apply genomics on a population‐scale to maximise primary prevention for breast‐and‐ovarian cancer. We compare long‐term outcomes of population‐based and family‐history (FH)/clinical‐criteria‐based BRCA testing on psychological health and quality of life. / Design: Randomised controlled trial (RCT) (ISRCTN73338115) GCaPPS, with two‐arms: (i) population‐screening (PS); (ii) FH/clinical‐criteria‐based testing. / Setting: North London Ashkenazi‐Jewish (AJ) population. / Population/Sample: AJ women/men. / Methods: Population‐based RCT (1:1). Participants were recruited through self‐referral, following pre‐test genetic counselling from the North London AJ population. / Inclusion criteria: AJ women/men >18 years old; exclusion‐criteria: prior BRCA testing or first‐degree relatives of BRCA‐carriers. / Interventions: Genetic testing for three Jewish BRCA founder‐mutations: 185delAG (c.68_69delAG), 5382insC (c.5266dupC) and 6174delT (c.5946delT), for (i) all participants in PS arm; (ii) those fulfilling FH/clinical criteria in FH arm. Linear mixed models and appropriate contrast tests were used to analyse the impact of BRCA testing on psychological and quality‐of‐life outcomes over 3 years. / Main outcome measures: Validated questionnaires (HADS/MICRA/HAI/SF12) used to analyse psychological wellbeing/quality‐of‐life outcomes at baseline/1‐year/2‐year/3‐year follow up. / Results: In all, 1034 individuals (691 women, 343 men) were randomised to PS (n = 530) or FH (n = 504) arms. There was a statistically significant decrease in anxiety (P = 0.046) and total anxiety‐&‐depression scores (P = 0.0.012) in the PS arm compared with the FH arm over 3 years. No significant difference was observed between the FH and PS arms for depression, health‐anxiety, distress, uncertainty, quality‐of‐life or experience scores associated with BRCA testing. Contrast tests showed a decrease in anxiety (P = 0.018), health‐anxiety (P < 0.0005) and quality‐of‐life (P = 0.004) scores in both PS and FH groups over time. Eighteen of 30 (60%) BRCA carriers identified did not fulfil clinical criteria for BRCA testing. Total BRCA prevalence was 2.9% (95% CI 1.97–4.12%), BRCA1 prevalence was 1.55% (95% CI 0.89–2.5%) and BRCA2 prevalence was 1.35% (95% CI 0.74–2.26%). / Conclusion: Population‐based AJ BRCA testing does not adversely affect long‐term psychological wellbeing or quality‐of‐life, decreases anxiety and could identify up to 150% additional BRCA carriers.

Type: Article
Title: Randomised trial of population-based BRCA testing in Ashkenazi Jews: long-term outcomes
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.15905
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15905
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: BRCA1, BRCA2, genetic testing, population testing, Ashkenazi Jews, psychological, quality of life
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Womens Cancer
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081858
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