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The natural history of infantile mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome due to RRM2B deficiency

Keshavan, N; Abdenur, J; Anderson, G; Assouline, Z; Barcia, G; Bouhikbar, L; Chakrapani, A; ... Rahman, S; + view all (2020) The natural history of infantile mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome due to RRM2B deficiency. Genetics in Medicine , 22 pp. 199-209. 10.1038/s41436-019-0613-z. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome (MDDS) encompasses a group of genetic disorders of mtDNA maintenance. Mutation of RRM2B is an uncommon cause of infantile-onset encephalomyopathic MDDS. Here we describe the natural history of this disease. METHODS: Multinational series of new genetically confirmed cases from six pediatric centers. RESULTS: Nine new cases of infantile-onset RRM2B deficiency, and 22 previously published cases comprised a total cohort of 31 patients. Infants presented at a mean of 1.95 months with truncal hypotonia, generalized weakness, and faltering growth. Seizures evolved in 39% at a mean of 3.1 months. Non-neurological manifestations included respiratory distress/failure (58%), renal tubulopathy (55%), sensorineural hearing loss (36%), gastrointestinal disturbance (32%), eye abnormalities (13%), and anemia (13%). Laboratory features included elevated lactate (blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), urine, magnetic resonance (MR), spectroscopy), ragged-red and cytochrome c oxidase-deficient fibers, lipid myopathy, and multiple oxidative phosphorylation enzyme deficiencies in skeletal muscle. Eight new RRM2B variants were identified. Patients with biallelic truncating variants had the worst survival. Overall survival was 29% at 6 months and 16% at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Infantile-onset MDDS due to RRM2B deficiency is a severe disorder with characteristic clinical features and extremely poor prognosis. Presently management is supportive as there is no effective treatment. Novel treatments are urgently needed.

Type: Article
Title: The natural history of infantile mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome due to RRM2B deficiency
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41436-019-0613-z
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41436-019-0613-z
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Mitochondrial disease, mtDNA depletion, outcomes, ribonucleotide reductase, treatment
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081660
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