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The beginning of glazed ware production in late medieval Cyprus

Ting, C; Vionis, A; Rehren, T; Kassianidou, V; Cook, H; Barker, C; (2019) The beginning of glazed ware production in late medieval Cyprus. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports , 27 , Article 101963. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.101963. Green open access

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Abstract

This study presents the first characterisation of the early glaze technology that emerged in Cyprus during the 13th century CE, with the glazed ware assemblage recovered from the theatre site at Nea Paphos as the main focus. By framing the results of the technological study using SEM-EDS and thin-section petrography within the historical context, we are able to establish the link between local production and broader technological and socio-historical developments. The early glaze technology in Cyprus appears to have followed the established traditions characteristic of the eastern Mediterranean region during the late medieval period. This is reflected in the use of high lead glaze, the addition of iron and copper oxide as colourants, and the use of painting and sgraffito as principal decorative techniques. Although the introduction of glaze production in Cyprus coincided with the time when the island fell under the Frankish rule, there is no evidence indicating that the Frankish rulers directly controlled the production or the Franks were involved in the actual production process. However, we argue that the establishment of the Frankish influence had indirectly stimulated the beginning of glazed ware production in Cyprus by facilitating the movement of labour and creating the market and demand required for such production through its link to the Crusaders' campaigns in the wider Levantine region.

Type: Article
Title: The beginning of glazed ware production in late medieval Cyprus
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.101963
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.101963
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Glaze technology; SEM-EDS; thin-section petrography; late medieval; Crusaders; Cyprus
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081532
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