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Distributed Agency: Foreign policy sans MFA

Dittmer, J; (2020) Distributed Agency: Foreign policy sans MFA. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy , 15 (2) pp. 155-164. 10.1163/1871191X-15101087. Green open access

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Abstract

This short provocation argues for a diplomacy studies that is less focused on the rationality of states, with the ministry of foreign affairs (MFA) as an imagined black box in which calculation occurs, and more on the idea of ‘external’ agency as the emergent effect from a range of elements within and without the state. To illustrate this idea, the essay sketches out an example of foreign policy made in the absence of an MFA entirely: Gibraltar’s 2019 intervention in the Grace 1 controversy.

Type: Article
Title: Distributed Agency: Foreign policy sans MFA
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1163/1871191X-15101087
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1163/1871191X-15101087
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Gibraltar; paradiplomacy; assemblage theory; Grace 1; Iran; Overseas Territories
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081456
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