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Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation

Havas, V; Taylor, J; Vaquero, L; de Diego-Balaguer, R; Rodríguez-Fornells, A; Davis, MH; (2018) Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology , 71 (6) pp. 1469-1481. 10.1080/17470218.2017.1329325. Green open access

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Abstract

We studied the initial acquisition and overnight consolidation of new spoken words that resemble words in the native language (L1) or in an unfamiliar, non-native language (L2). Spanish-speaking participants learned the spoken forms of novel words in their native language (Spanish) or in a different language (Hungarian), which were paired with pictures of familiar or unfamiliar objects, or no picture. We thereby assessed, in a factorial way, the impact of existing knowledge (schema) on word learning by manipulating both semantic (familiar vs unfamiliar objects) and phonological (L1- vs L2-like novel words) familiarity. Participants were trained and tested with a 12-hr intervening period that included overnight sleep or daytime awake. Our results showed (1) benefits of sleep to recognition memory that were greater for words with L2-like phonology and (2) that learned associations with familiar but not unfamiliar pictures enhanced recognition memory for novel words. Implications for complementary systems accounts of word learning are discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2017.1329325
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1329325
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: L1, L2, Word learning, consolidation, phonology, schema, semantic, sleep, Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Association Learning, Choice Behavior, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Phonetics, Reaction Time, Recognition (Psychology), Semantics, Sleep, Verbal Learning, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081009
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