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Association of a priori dietary patterns with depressive symptoms: a harmonised meta-analysis of observational studies

Nicolaou, M; Colpo, M; Vermeulen, E; Elstgeest, LEM; Cabout, M; Gibson-Smith, D; Knuppel, A; ... Visser, M; + view all (2019) Association of a priori dietary patterns with depressive symptoms: a harmonised meta-analysis of observational studies. Psychological Medicine 10.1017/S0033291719001958. (In press).

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Review findings on the role of dietary patterns in preventing depression are inconsistent, possibly due to variation in assessment of dietary exposure and depression. We studied the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms in six population-based cohorts and meta-analysed the findings using a standardised approach that defined dietary exposure, depression assessment and covariates. METHODS: Included were cross-sectional data from 23 026 participants in six cohorts: InCHIANTI (Italy), LASA, NESDA, HELIUS (the Netherlands), ALSWH (Australia) and Whitehall II (UK). Analysis of incidence was based on three cohorts with repeated measures of depressive symptoms at 5-6 years of follow-up in 10 721 participants: Whitehall II, InCHIANTI, ALSWH. Three a priori dietary patterns, Mediterranean diet score (MDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010), and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet were investigated in relation to depressive symptoms. Analyses at the cohort-level adjusted for a fixed set of confounders, meta-analysis used a random-effects model. RESULTS: Cross-sectional and prospective analyses showed statistically significant inverse associations of the three dietary patterns with depressive symptoms (continuous and dichotomous). In cross-sectional analysis, the association of diet with depressive symptoms using a cut-off yielded an adjusted OR of 0.87 (95% confidence interval 0.84-0.91) for MDS, 0.93 (0.88-0.98) for AHEI-2010, and 0.94 (0.87-1.01) for DASH. Similar associations were observed prospectively: 0.88 (0.80-0.96) for MDS; 0.95 (0.84-1.06) for AHEI-2010; 0.90 (0.84-0.97) for DASH. CONCLUSION: Population-scale observational evidence indicates that adults following a healthy dietary pattern have fewer depressive symptoms and lower risk of developing depressive symptoms.

Type: Article
Title: Association of a priori dietary patterns with depressive symptoms: a harmonised meta-analysis of observational studies
Location: England
DOI: 10.1017/S0033291719001958
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719001958
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: AHEI-2010, DASH, Mediterranean diet, MooDFOOD project, depression, diet, meta-analysis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10080934
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