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Trade and redistribution: trade politics and the origins of progressive taxation

Barnes, L; (2019) Trade and redistribution: trade politics and the origins of progressive taxation. Political Science Research & Methods 10.1017/psrm.2019.39. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

What explains variation in tax progressivity before World War I? I argue that trade politics shaped the emergence of progressive taxation. If labor could provide a useful ally, trade policy coalitions meant compromise on redistributive demands: progressive taxes, especially where inequality was lower. In time-series cross-sectional analysis, I find that trade interest proximity between labor and elites was associated with more progressive taxation in ten European countries between 1870 and 1913 under conditions of low inequality. The coalition and compromise mechanism is evident in subnational evidence from Britain. Where constituency interests favored free trade, Liberal-Labour electoral alliance was more likely in 1906, and the local MP was more likely to support the 1909 ‘People’s Budget’ for progressive taxation.

Type: Article
Title: Trade and redistribution: trade politics and the origins of progressive taxation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/psrm.2019.39
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/psrm.2019.39
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10080562
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