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Stress sensitivity and cutaneous sensory thresholds before and after neuropathic injury in various inbred and outbred rat strains

Hestehave, S; Abelson, KS; Brønnum Pedersen, T; Munro, G; (2019) Stress sensitivity and cutaneous sensory thresholds before and after neuropathic injury in various inbred and outbred rat strains. Behavioural Brain Research , 375 , Article 112149. 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.112149. Green open access

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Abstract

Chronic pain is associated with altered affective state, stress, anxiety and depression. Conversely, stress, anxiety and depression can all modulate pain perception. The relative link between these behavioural constructs in different inbred and outbred rat strains, known to be variously hypo/hyperresponsive to stress has not been determined. Hindpaw sensory thresholds to repeated mechanical (von Frey filament and electronic Randall Selitto) and thermal (Hargreaves, cold plate and hot plate) stimulation were routinely assessed over three weeks in non-injured male rats of the following strains; WKY, LEW, F344, Hsd:SD and Crl:SD. Thereafter, threshold responses to spared nerve injury (SNI) were assessed using von Frey, pin prick and Hargreaves testing in the same strains over a three month period. Finally, anxiolytic efficacy of the benzodiazepine drug diazepam was assessed using the Elevated Plus Maze (EPM), as a surrogate index of functional plasticity of circuits involved in affective processing. Repeated nociceptive testing was associated with distinct strain-dependent changes in sensory thresholds in naïve rats; stress-hyporesponsive LEW rats presented with a mechanical/thermal hyperalgesia phenotype, whereas stress-hyperresponsive WKY rats presented with an unexpected heat/cold hypoalgesia phenotype. After SNI, LEW rats showed minimal signs of neuropathic sensitivity. Diazepam was anxiolytic in all tested strains with the exception of LEW rats reflecting distinct inherent affective processing only in this strain. The contribution of stress reactivity to nociceptive sensory profiles appears to vary in the absence or presence of neuropathic injury. Intriguingly, the functional responsiveness of affective state prior to injury may be a predisposing factor to developing chronic pain.

Type: Article
Title: Stress sensitivity and cutaneous sensory thresholds before and after neuropathic injury in various inbred and outbred rat strains
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.112149
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.112149
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
Keywords: Anxiety, Diazepam, Neuropathic pain, Pain, Strain differences
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10080408
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