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Radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease: a minimally invasive and effective treatment modality

Eddama, MMR; Everson, M; Renshaw, S; Taj, T; Boulton, R; Crosbie, J; Cohen, CR; (2019) Radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease: a minimally invasive and effective treatment modality. Techniques in Coloproctology 10.1007/s10151-019-02054-2. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Haemorrhoidal disease (HD) is a common colorectal condition that often requires surgical treatment. Less invasive procedures are usually more acceptable to patients. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of a novel and minimally invasive technique employing a radiofrequency ablation (RFA) energy (Rafaelo®) to treat HD. // METHODS: A total number of 27 patients who had RFA for the treatment of HD were recruited to this study. The procedure was performed under deep sedation and local anaesthesia. Patients' demographics; haemorrhoid severity score (HSS); quality of life; pain and satisfaction scores; and recurrence rate were recorded. // RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 46 (SD 14) years, 18 (67%) males and 9 (33%) females. The mean body mass index was 25 (SD 4) kg/m2. The predominant symptom of all patients was per-rectal bleeding. HSS improved from 7.2 (SD 1.9) before the procedure to 1.6 (SD 1) after the procedure (p < 0.0001). Postoperative pain scores on a scale of 0-10 were 0, 2 (SD 2), 1 (SD 2), and 0 on immediate, day-1, day-3, and 2-month follow-up questionnaire. The mean satisfacion score was 9 (SD 1.5) out of 10 on 2-month follow-up. Mean time until patients returned to normal daily activity was 3 (SD 1) days following the procedure. Quality-of-life assessments including: visual analogue scale scores (before: mean 70, SD 23; after: mean 82, SD 16; p < 0.001) and EQ-5D-5L (before: mean 0.84, SD 0.15; after: mean 0.94, SD 0.13; p < 0.05) were significantly improved. The mean length of follow-up for recurrence of symptoms was 20 months (range 12-32 months). One patient (4%) reported the recurrence of rectal bleeding 12 months after the procedure. // CONCLUSIONS: RFA for the treatment of HD is safe and effective in achieving symptomatic relief. It is associated with minimal postoperative pain and low incidence of recurrence.

Type: Article
Title: Radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease: a minimally invasive and effective treatment modality
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10151-019-02054-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-019-02054-2
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creative commons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Hemorrhoids, Minimally invasive surgical procedures, Patient reported outcome, Radiofrequency ablation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10080340
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