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The Role of Metacognition in Supporting the Development of Looked After Children’s Reading Skills

Britto, Patricia Monisola; (2019) The Role of Metacognition in Supporting the Development of Looked After Children’s Reading Skills. Doctoral thesis (D.Ed.Psy), UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

The United Kingdom’s national statistics shows that at Key Stage 2 Looked after Children’s [LAC's] reading outcomes are lower in comparison to their peers.Several government-led initiatives, as well as studies on reading interventions to support LAC, exist; yet, their outcomes remain lower than their peers. The present study explored the role metacognition plays in developing LAC’s reading (fluency and comprehension) skills. LAC aged 9 to 11 identified as having poor reading comprehension and fluency skills took part in a teacher-led reading intervention focused on using meta-cognitive strategies, over 12 weeks. A mixed method design was adopted, utilising a multiple-case study approach. LAC were assessed pre- and post-intervention using cognitive, reading and psychosocial measures. LAC (N=6), their teachers (N=5) and their carers (N=6) engaged in post-intervention interviews. Although not analysed statistically due to the sample size, the quantitative data suggests that all LAC improved their reading comprehension skills and the use of metacognitive strategies. Half of the LAC’s reading accuracy skills increased, and 5 out of 6 of them also demonstrated improvements in reading fluency. The reading intervention had a positive impact on all LAC’s general understanding of verbal concepts and 5 out of 6 improved their word definition skills. All LAC reported gains in confidence as learners and an increase was noticed for one child who initially identified as having a ‘low’ sense of school belonging. The qualitative findings revealed that across the views shared by the LAC, teachers and carers, the following key themes were generated: metacognitive processes support reading development,

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: D.Ed.Psy
Title: The Role of Metacognition in Supporting the Development of Looked After Children’s Reading Skills
Event: UCL, Institute of Education
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10080270
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