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Coupled Dictionary Learning for Multi-contrast MRI Reconstruction

Song, P; Weizman, L; Mota, JFC; Eldar, YC; Rodrigues, MRD; (2019) Coupled Dictionary Learning for Multi-contrast MRI Reconstruction. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 10.1109/tmi.2019.2932961. Green open access

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Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging tasks often involve multiple contrasts, such as T1-weighted, T2-weighted and Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) data. These contrasts capture information associated with the same underlying anatomy and thus exhibit similarities in either structure level or gray level. In this paper, we propose a Coupled Dictionary Learning based multi-contrast MRI reconstruction (CDLMRI) approach to leverage the dependency correlation between different contrasts for guided or joint reconstruction from their under-sampled k-space data. Our approach iterates between three stages: coupled dictionary learning, coupled sparse denoising, and enforcing k-space consistency. The first stage learns a set of dictionaries that not only are adaptive to the contrasts, but also capture correlations among multiple contrasts in a sparse transform domain. By capitalizing on the learned dictionaries, the second stage performs coupled sparse coding to remove the aliasing and noise in the corrupted contrasts. The third stage enforces consistency between the denoised contrasts and the measurements in the k-space domain. Numerical experiments, consisting of retrospective under-sampling of various MRI contrasts with a variety of sampling schemes, demonstrate that CDLMRI is capable of capturing structural dependencies between different contrasts. The learned priors indicate notable advantages in multi-contrast MR imaging and promising applications in quantitative MR imaging such as MR fingerprinting.

Type: Article
Title: Coupled Dictionary Learning for Multi-contrast MRI Reconstruction
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/tmi.2019.2932961
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/tmi.2019.2932961
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10080117
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