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Fluoroquinolones and isoniazid resistant TB: implications for the 2018 WHO guidance

Stagg, HR; Bothamley, GH; Davidson, JA; Kunst, H; Lalor, MK; Lipman, MC; Loutet, MG; ... London INH-R TB study group; + view all (2019) Fluoroquinolones and isoniazid resistant TB: implications for the 2018 WHO guidance. European Respiratory Journal , 54 (4) , Article 1900982. 10.1183/13993003.00982-2019. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction: 2018 World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the treatment of isoniazid (H)-resistant (Hr) tuberculosis recommend a four-drug regimen: rifampicin (R), ethambutol (E), pyrazinamide (Z) and levofloxacin (Lfx), with or without H ([H]RZE-Lfx). This is used once Hr is known, such that patients complete 6 months of Lfx (≥6[H]RZE-6Lfx). This cohort study assessed the impact of fluoroquinolones (Fq) on treatment effectiveness, accounting for Hr mutations and degree of phenotypic resistance. / Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of 626 Hr tuberculosis patients notified in London, 2009–2013. Regimens were described and logistic regression undertaken of the association between regimen and negative regimen-specific outcomes (broadly, death due to tuberculosis, treatment failure or disease recurrence). / Results: Of 594 individuals with regimen information, 330 (55.6%) were treated with (H)RfZE (Rf=rifamycins) and 211 (35.5%) with (H)RfZE-Fq. The median overall treatment period was 11.9 months and median Z duration 2.1 months. In a univariable logistic regression model comparing (H)RfZE with and without Fqs, there was no difference in the odds of a negative regimen-specific outcome (baseline (H)RfZE, cluster-specific odds ratio 1.05 (95% CI 0.60–1.82), p=0.87; cluster NHS trust). Results varied minimally in a multivariable model. This odds ratio dropped (0.57, 95% CI 0.14–2.28) when Hr genotype was included, but this analysis lacked power (p=0.42). / Conclusions: In a high-income setting, we found a 12-month (H)RfZE regimen with a short Z duration to be similarly effective for Hr tuberculosis with or without a Fq. This regimen may result in fewer adverse events than the WHO recommendations.

Type: Article
Title: Fluoroquinolones and isoniazid resistant TB: implications for the 2018 WHO guidance
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00982-2019
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00982-2019
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © ERS 2019. This version is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence 4.0.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10079687
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