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Early effects of kidney transplantation on the heart - A cardiac magnetic resonance multi-parametric study

Hayer, MK; Radhakrishnan, A; Price, AM; Baig, S; Liu, B; Ferro, CJ; Captur, G; ... Steeds, RP; + view all (2019) Early effects of kidney transplantation on the heart - A cardiac magnetic resonance multi-parametric study. International Journal of Cardiology , 293 pp. 272-277. 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.007. Green open access

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Abstract

Increased native myocardial T1 times in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be due to diffuse interstitial myocardial fibrosis (DIF) or due to interstitial edema/inflammation. Concerns relating to nephrogenic systemic fibrosis with gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) limit their use in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) to measure extracellular volume (ECV) and characterise myocardial fibrosis. This study aimed to examine stability of myocardial T1 and T2 times before, and within 2 months after kidney transplantation; a time frame when volume status normalises but myocardial remodelling is unlikely to have occurred, and to compare these with ECV using GBCA after transplantation. Twenty-four patients with ESKD underwent serial cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, including T1 and T2 mapping. GBCA was administered on follow-up provided eGFR was N30 ml/min/1.73 m2 . Eighteen age- and sex-matched controls were studied at one timepoint. ECV (ECV 28 ± 2% vs. 24 ± 2%, p = 0.001) and T2 times were higher in ESKD compared to controls. After transplantation, septal T1 times increased (MOLLI 985 ms ± 25 vs. 1002 ms ± 30, p = 0.014; ShMOLLI 974 ms ± 39 vs. 992 ms ± 33, p = 0.113), LV volumes reduced (LVEDvol indexed 79 ± 24 vs. 63 ± 20 ml/m2 , p = 0.005) but LV mass was unchanged (LV mass index 89 g/m2 ± 38 to 83 g/m2 ± 23, p = 0.141). T2 times did not change after transplantation. Both ECV and myocardial T1 times are elevated in ESKD, supporting the theory that elevated T1 times are due to DIF, although a contribution from myocardial edema cannot be fully excluded. The lack of any fall in T1 or T2 times after transplantation suggests that myocardial T1 times are a stable measure of DIF in CKD.

Type: Article
Title: Early effects of kidney transplantation on the heart - A cardiac magnetic resonance multi-parametric study
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.007
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, which permits any non-commercial use, sharing, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, and provide a link to the Creative Commons license. You do not have permission under this license to share adapted material derived from this article or parts of it. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
Keywords: Kidney transplantation, Multiparametric T1/T2 mapping, Myocardial fibrosis, Uremic cardiomyopathy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10079285
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