UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The role of MRI-targeted biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer

Kasivisvanathan, Veerappan; (2019) The role of MRI-targeted biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Thesis v12 ethesis.pdf]
Preview
Text
Thesis v12 ethesis.pdf - Submitted version

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

Introduction: The existing standard of care for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, transrectal ultrasound guided prostate (TRUS) biopsy, can miss clinically important prostate cancer and over detect clinically unimportant cancer. Methods: I evaluated MRI followed by a targeted biopsy to MRI-suspicious areas (MRI-TB) as an alternative diagnostic test to TRUS biopsy in men with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer based on raised prostate specific antigen or abnormal digital rectal examination. I first evaluated MRI-TB in a single institution study compared to a detailed test of transperineal prostate biopsy to establish the technique’s promise. An international consortium with expertise in MRI-TB was established, amongst which we created reporting guidelines for studies of MRI-TB. In this consortium, we designed and carried out an international multicentre randomized-controlled trial comparing MRI-TB to TRUS biopsy in the detection of cancer. Results: In a single institutional study, I showed that MRI-TB detected a similar amount of clinically significant cancer to a transperineal prostate biopsy whilst requiring fewer biopsies. Within the START (STAndards for Reporting studies of MRI-Targeted biopsy) consortium, we developed international MRI-TB reporting guidelines and PRECISION (PRostate Evaluation for Clinically Important disease: Sampling using Image-guidance Or Not?), a 500 patient, 23-centre, randomized-controlled trial, comparing MRI-TB and TRUS biopsy. PRECISION showed that MRI-TB detected 38% of men with clinically significant prostate cancer (≥Gleason 3+4) compared to 26% for TRUS biopsy (p=0.005), detected fewer men with clinically unimportant prostate cancer (Gleason 3+3) (9 vs 22%, respectively, p < 0.001) and required fewer biopsies (median of 4 vs 12, respectively). Further, 28% of men in the MRI arm could avoid a biopsy and its discomfort and risks altogether. Conclusions: MRI±TB is an attractive test to rival TRUS biopsy as the standard of care for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. It can more efficiently identify men who would benefit from treatment and avoids the diagnosis of men who are less likely to benefit.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: The role of MRI-targeted biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
Keywords: MRI, Prostate biopsy, Targeted biopsy, Prostate cancer, Diagnosis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Targeted Intervention
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078931
Downloads since deposit
61Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item