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Intelligence and memory outcomes within 10 years of childhood convulsive status epilepticus

Martinos, MM; Pujar, S; O'Reilly, H; de Haan, M; Neville, BGR; Scott, RC; Chin, RFM; (2019) Intelligence and memory outcomes within 10 years of childhood convulsive status epilepticus. Epilepsy & Behavior , 95 pp. 18-25. 10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.03.039. Green open access

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Abstract

Long-term intelligence and memory outcomes of children post convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) have not been systematically investigated despite evidence of short-term impairments in CSE. The present study aimed to describe intelligence and memory outcomes in children within 10 years of CSE and identify potential risk factors for adverse outcomes. In this cohort study, children originally identified by the population-based North London Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Childhood Surveillance Study (NLSTEPSS) were prospectively recruited between July 2009 and February 2013 and invited for neuropsychological assessments and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Full-scale intelligence quotients (FSIQs) were measured using the Wechsler Abbreviated Scales of Intelligence (WASI), and global memory scores (GMS) was assessed using the Children's Memory Scale (CMS). The cohort was analyzed as a whole and stratified into a prolonged febrile seizures (PFS) and non-PFS group. Their performance was compared with population norms and controls. Regression models were fitted to identify predictors of outcomes. With a mean of 8.9 years post-CSE, 28.5% of eligible participants were unable to undertake testing because of their severe neurodevelopmental deficits. Children with CSE who undertook formal testing (N = 94) were shown to have significantly lower FSIQ (p = 0.001) and GMS (p = 0.025) from controls; the PFS group (N = 34) had lower FSIQs (p = 0.022) but similar memory quotients (p = 0.88) with controls. Intracranial volume (ICV), developmental delay at baseline, and active epilepsy at follow-up were predictive of longterm outcomes in the non-PFS group. The relationship between ICV and outcomes was absent in the PFS group despite its presence in the control and non-PFS groups. Post-CSE, survivors reveal significant intelligence and memory impairments, but prognosis differs by CSE type; memory scores are uncompromised in the PFS group despite evidence of their lower FSIQ whereas both are compromised in the non-PFS group. Correlations between brain volumes and outcomes differ in the PFS, non-PFS, and control groups and require further investigation

Type: Article
Title: Intelligence and memory outcomes within 10 years of childhood convulsive status epilepticus
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.03.039
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.03.039
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Convulsive status epilepticus, Prolonged febrile seizures, Cognition, Memory, Long-term outcomes, Intracranial volume
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Neonatology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078813
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