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Extracellular matrix protein anosmin-1 modulates olfactory ensheathing cell maturation in chick olfactory bulb development

Hu, Y; Butts, T; Poopalasundaram, S; Graham, A; Bouloux, P-M; (2019) Extracellular matrix protein anosmin-1 modulates olfactory ensheathing cell maturation in chick olfactory bulb development. European Journal of Neuroscience 10.1111/ejn.14483. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are a specialized class of glia, wrapping around olfactory sensory axons that target the olfactory bulb (OB) and cross the peripheral nervous system/central nervous system boundary during development and continue to do so post‐natally. OEC subpopulations perform distinct subtype‐specific functions dependent on their maturity status. Disrupted OEC development is thought to be associated with abnormal OB morphogenesis, leading to anosmia, a defining characteristic of Kallmann syndrome. Hence, anosmin‐1 encoded by Kallmann syndrome gene (KAL‐1) might modulate OEC differentiation/maturation in the OB. We performed in ovo electroporation of shRNA in the olfactory placode to knock‐down kal in chick embryos, resulting in abnormal OB morphogenesis and loss of olfactory sensory axonal innervation into OB. BLBP‐expressing OECs appeared to form a thinner and poorly organized outmost OB layer where SOX10 expressing OECs were completely absent with emergence of GFAP‐expressing OECs. Furthermore, in embryonic day 10 chick OB explant cultures, GFAP expression in OECs accumulating along the OB nerve layers was dramatically reduced by recombinant anosmin‐1. We then purified immature OECs from embryonic day 10 chick OB. These cells express GFAP after 7 days in vitro, exhibiting a multipolar morphology. Overexpression of chick anosmin, exogenous anosmin‐1 or FGF2 could inhibit GFAP expression with cells presenting elongated morphology, which was blocked by the FGF receptor inhibitor Su5402. These data demonstrate that anosmin‐1 functions via FGF signalling in regulating OEC maturation, thereby providing a permissive glial environment for axonal innervation into the OB during development.

Type: Article
Title: Extracellular matrix protein anosmin-1 modulates olfactory ensheathing cell maturation in chick olfactory bulb development
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/ejn.14483
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14483
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 The Authors. European Journal of Neuroscience published by Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: astrocyte, embryo, fibroblast growth factor receptor, Kallmann syndrome
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078556
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