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Orchestrated sex: The representation of male and female musicians in world-class symphony orchestras

Sergeant, DC; Himonides, E; (2019) Orchestrated sex: The representation of male and female musicians in world-class symphony orchestras. Frontiers in Psychology , 10 , Article 1760. 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01760. Green open access

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Abstract

This study examines the representation of male and female musicians in world-class symphony orchestras. Personnel of 40 orchestras of three regions, UK, Europe and the USA and distributions of men and women across the four orchestral departments: strings, woodwind, brass and percussion are compared. Significant differences in representation between orchestras of the three regions are reported. Practices adopted by orchestras when appointing musicians to vacant positions are reviewed and numbers of males and females appointed to rank-and-file and Section Principals are compared. Career patterns of male and female musicians are also compared. Increases in numbers of women appointed to orchestral posts in the last three decades are compared with increases in the proportion of women in the general workforce. The data of orchestral membership are then compared with the numbers of young people receiving tuition on orchestral instruments retrieved from a large national database (n = 391,000 students). Implications for the future of male and female representation in orchestral personnel are then considered.

Type: Article
Title: Orchestrated sex: The representation of male and female musicians in world-class symphony orchestras
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01760
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01760
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 Sergeant and Himonides. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Keywords: Sex, gender, music performance, classical music, gender representation, symphony orchestra, sex representation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078313
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