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SSBP1 mutations in dominant optic atrophy with variable retinal degeneration

Jurkute, N; Leu, C; Pogoda, H-M; Arno, G; Robson, AG; Nürnberg, G; Altmüller, J; ... Votruba, M; + view all (2019) SSBP1 mutations in dominant optic atrophy with variable retinal degeneration. Annals of Neurology , 86 (3) pp. 368-383. 10.1002/ana.25550. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) starts in early childhood with loss of visual acuity and color vision deficits. OPA1 mutations are responsible for the majority of cases, but in a proportion of patients with a clinical diagnosis of ADOA, the cause remains unknown. This study aimed to identify novel ADOA-associated genes and explore their causality. METHODS: Linkage analysis and sequencing were performed in multi-generation families and unrelated patients to identify disease-causing variants. Functional consequences were investigated in silico and confirmed experimentally using the zebrafish model. RESULTS: We defined a new ADOA locus on 7q33-q35 and identified three different missense variants in SSBP1 (NM_001256510.1; c.113G>A (p.(Arg38Gln)), c.320G>A (p.(Arg107Gln)) and c.422G>A (p.(Ser141Asn))) in affected individuals from two families and two singletons with ADOA and variable retinal degeneration. The mutated arginine residues are part of a basic patch that is essential for single-strand DNA binding. The loss of a positive charge at these positions is very likely to lower the affinity of SSBP1 to ssDNA. Antisense-mediated knockdown of endogenous ssbp1 mRNA in zebrafish resulted in compromised differentiation of retinal ganglion cells. A similar effect was achieved when mutated mRNAs were administered. These findings point to an essential role of ssbp1 in retinal development and the dominant-negative nature of the identified human variants, which is consistent with the segregation pattern observed in two multi-generation families studied. INTERPRETATION: SSBP1 is an essential protein for mtDNA replication and maintenance. Our data established pathogenic variants in SSBP1 as a cause of ADOA and variable retinal degeneration. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: SSBP1 mutations in dominant optic atrophy with variable retinal degeneration
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ana.25550
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.25550
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078059
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